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Mania is most closely associated with Bipolar disorder and can be explained as abnormal and persistently increased goal-directed activity with abnormally high levels of energy, hyperactivity, extreme mood change and in a sense a person being struck by hysteria. 

Mania is a persistent elevated expansion of a particular mood which to be categorised under mania should last for a minimum period of 1 week and should be present for most part of the day. 

Manic episodes are a result of over activity of dopamine receptor and it ranges from mild, moderate to extreme mania. 

3 or more of the following symptoms should be present, for it to be diagnosed as mania 

  • Inflated self esteem 

  • Grandiosity or big thoughts 

  • Becoming more talkative than usual 

  • Decreased need for sleep 

  • Becomes easily distracted (attention easily drawn to unimportant happenings, objects) 

  • Subjective experience that his/her thoughts are racing 

  • Increase in goal directed activity (socially, at office, school, college or sexual performance) 

  • Irrelevant non-goal directed activity 

  • Excessive involvement in activities that have high risk for negative consequences (foolish business investments, sexual indiscretions, unstoppable shopping sprees) 

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